The concern is that electrons may become 'quantum mechanically' entangled, meaning they can't be treated independently.
Any system with more than a few particles has an entangled network of connections that even the most powerful computers can't unravel directly.
Researchers from the Center for Computational Quantum Physics at the Flatiron Institute in New York City and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Switzerland have now discovered a solution
The network modifies until an accurate solution can be projected back into the real world, recreating entanglement without the computational obstacles.
Extra particles mediate interactions between real particles in the physical system we're analyzing.
This is important because if you can get the wave functions of complicated molecules, you can design medications and materials with specific properties."
Long-term objective, adds Georges, is to allow researchers to forecast material or molecular properties without synthesis and testing.
In that paper, fictional particles were also combined with neural networks, although they weren't whole electrons.